Sensational Human Genome
THE CASE OF ADAMS ALIEN
In whose image was The Adam the prototype of
modern humans, Homo sapiens created?
The Bible asserts that the Elohim said: Let
us fashion the Adam in our image and after our likeness. But
if one is to accept a tentative explanation for enigmatic genes that humans
possess, offered when the deciphering of the human genome was announced in
mid-February, the feat was decided upon by a group of bacteria!
Humbling was the prevalent adjective used
by the scientific teams and the media to describe the principal finding
that the human genome contains not the anticipated 100,000 - 140,000 genes
(the stretches of DNA that direct the production of amino-acids and proteins)
but only some 30,000+ -- little more than double the 13,601 genes of a fruit
fly and barely fifty percent more than the roundworms
19,098. What a comedown from the pinnacle of the genomic Tree
Moreover, there was hardly any uniqueness to the human
genes. They are comparative to not the presumed 95 percent but to almost
99 percent of the chimpanzees, and 70 percent of the mouse. Human
genes, with the same functions, were found to be identical to genes of other
vertebrates, as well as invertebrates, plants, fungi, even yeast. The findings
not only confirmed that there was one source of DNA for all life on Earth,
but also enabled the scientists to trace the evolutionary process
how more complex organisms evolved, genetically, from simpler ones, adopting
at each stage the genes of a lower life form to create a more complex higher
life form culminating with Homo sapiens.
The Head-scratching Discovery
It was here, in tracing the
vertical evolutionary record contained in the
human and the other analyzed genomes, that the scientists ran into an enigma.
The head-scratching discovery by the public consortium, as
Science termed it, was that the human genome contains
223 genes that do not have the required predecessors
on the genomic evolutionary tree.
How did Man acquire such a bunch of enigmatic
In the evolutionary progression from bacteria to
invertebrates (such as the lineages of yeast, worms, flies or mustard weed
which have been deciphered) to vertebrates (mice, chimpanzees) and
finally modern humans,
these 223 genes are completely missing in the invertebrate phase.
Therefore, the scientists can explain their presence in the human genome
by a rather recent (in evolutionary time scales) probable
horizontal transfer from bacteria.
In other words: At a relatively recent time as Evolution
goes, modern humans acquired an extra 223 genes not through gradual evolution,
not vertically on the Tree of Life, but horizontally, as
a sideways insertion of genetic material from
An Immense Difference
Now, at first glance it would seem that 223 genes is
no big deal. In fact, while every single gene makes a great difference to
every individual, 223 genes make an immense difference to a species such
The human genome is made up of about three billion
neucleotides (the letters A-C-G-T which stand for the initials
of the four nucleic acids that spell out all life on Earth); of them, just
a little more than one percent are grouped into functioning genes (each gene
consists of thousands of "letters"). The difference between one individual
person and another amounts to about one letter in a thousand
in the DNA alphabet. The difference between Man and Chimpanzee
is less than one percent as genes go; and one percent of 30,000 genes is
So, 223 genes is more than two thirds of the difference
between me, you and a chimpanzee!
An analysis of the functions of these genes through
the proteins that they spell out, conducted by the Public Consortium team
and published in the journal Nature, shows that they include not only
proteins involved in important physiological but also psychiatric
functions. Moreover, they are responsible for important neurological
enzymes that stem only from the mitochondrial portion of the DNA the
so-called Eve DNA that humankind inherited only through the
mother-line, all the way back to a single Eve. That finding
alone raises doubt regarding that the "bacterial insertion"
A Shaky Theory
How sure are the scientists that such important and
complex genes, such an immense human advantage, was obtained by us
--rather recently-- through the courtesy of infecting
It is a jump that does not follow current
evolutionary theories, said Steven Scherer, director of mapping of
the Human Genome Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine.
We did not identify a strongly preferred bacterial
source for the putative horizontally transferred genes, states the
report in Nature. The Public Consortium team, conducting a detailed
search, found that some 113 genes (out of the 223) are widespread among
bacteria though they are entirely absent even in
invertebrates. An analysis of the proteins which the enigmatic genes
express showed that out of 35 identified, only ten had counterparts in
vertebrates (ranging from cows to rodents to fish);
25 of the 35 were unique to humans.
It is not clear whether the transfer was from
bacteria to human or from human to bacteria, Science quoted
Robert Waterson, co-director of Washington Universitys Genome Sequencing
Center, as saying.
But if Man gave those genes to bacteria, where did
Man acquire those genes to begin with?
The Role of the Anunnaki
Readers of my books must be smiling by now, for they
know the answer.
They know that the biblical verses dealing with the
fashioning of The Adam are condensed renderings of much much more detailed
Sumerian and Akkadian texts, found inscribed on clay tablets, in which the
role of the Elohim in Genesis is performed by
the Anunnaki Those Who From Heaven
to Earth Came.
As detailed in my books, beginning with The
12th Planet (1976) and even more so in Genesis Revisited
and The Cosmic Code, the Anunnaki came to Earth some 450,000 years
ago from the planet Nibiru a member of our own solar system whose
great orbit brings it to our part of the heavens once every 3,600 years.
They came here in need of gold, with which to protect their dwindling
atmosphere. Exhausted and in
need of help in mining the gold, their chief scientist Enki suggested that
they use their genetic knowledge to create the needed Primitive
Workers. When the other leaders of the Anunnaki asked: How can
you create a new being? He
"The being that we need already exists;
all that we have to do is put our mark on it.
The time was some 300,000 years ago.
What he had in mind was to upgrade genetically the
existing hominids, who were already on Earth through Evolution, by adding
some of the genes of the more advanced
Anunnaki. That the Anunnaki,
who could already travel in space 450,000 years ago, possessed the genomic
science (whose threshold we have now reached) is clear not only from the
actual texts but also from numerous depictions in which the double-helix
of the DNA is rendered as Entwined Serpents (a symbol still used for medicine
and healing) -- see illustration A below.
When the leaders of the Anunnaki approved the project
(as echoed in the biblical Let us fashion the Adam), Enki with
the help of Ninharsag, the Chief Medical Officer of the Anunnaki, embarked
on a process of genetic engineering, by adding
and combining genes of the Anunnaki with those of the already-existing
When, after much trial and error breathtakingly described
and recorded in antiquity, a perfect model was attained, Ninharsag
held him up and shouted: My hands have made it! An ancient artist
depicted the scene on a cylinder seal (illustration
And that, I suggest, is how we
had come to possess the unique extra genes. It was in the image of
the Anunnaki, not of bacteria, that Adam and Eve were
A Matter of Extreme Significance
Unless further scientific research can establish, beyond
any doubt, that the only possible source of the extra genes are indeed bacteria,
and unless it is then also determined that the infection (horizontal
transfer) went from bacteria to Man and not from Man to bacteria, the
only other available solution will be that offered by the Sumerian texts
Until then, the enigmatic 223 alien genes will remain
as an alternative and as a corroboration by
modern science of the Anunnaki and their genetic feats on
© Z. Sitchin 2001
Permission to reprint is hereby
granted on condition that the
following is prominently stated:
© Z. Sitchin
Reprinted with permission.
The report of the Public Consortium is in
Nature, Feb 15, 2001 and of
Celera Genomics in Science of Feb 16th, 2001.